Why bees are important for the ecosystem — Melanie’s student essay

Why Bees Are Important For The Ecosystem?

A bee is a winged-insect with branched body hairs that feeds on flowers. These creatures are highly dependent on pollen as a protein source while also being dependent on nectar or oils as energy sources. 

According to the website Trulynolen.ca, bees are mostly seen as small insects, but their size can vary from 2 millimeters (0.08 inches) to 4 centimeters (1.6 inches) long. Commonly, bees are colored yellow and black, but there are other colors such as gray, brown, red, metallic green, or even blue.

Trulynolen.ca also states there are 3 different types of bee within each colony: the queen bee, the regular female bee (infertile worker), and the male bee (a drone). Only the queen bee has the ability to reproduce. Her job is to lay eggs for her entire life. 

The drone’s singular job is to mate and it dies after doing so. The infertile worker bees have several jobs that help maintain the survival of the hive. They clean the hive, collect pollen and nectar to feed the entire colony, and take care of queen’s offspring. 

Honey bee queens can live up an average of 5 years. Comparatively, female worker bees have a average lifespan of only 6 weeks. In this essay, I will be discussing how bees positively affect our food security, income, farming, and how bees provide biodiversity and environmental protection.

Bee pollinating on a flower blossom

Bees are prominent for their role in providing high-quality food such as honey, royal jelly, and pollen. They are also needed for healthcare products and other areas where their beeswax, propolis, and honey bee venom are used. However, bees do so much more. According to worldbee.org, one of their greatest accomplishments is their pollination of nearly 3 quarters of the plants that produce 90% of the world’s food. This website also claims that a third of the world’s food production depends on bees. 

To be more specific, every third spoonful of food is dependent on pollination. Bees not only provide food security, but these insects also generate income. In 2016, the Intergovernmental Science-Policy on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services conducted an international study that estimated the annual global production of food depending solely on pollination as being worth roughly between $235 to $577 billion.

Additionally, agricultural plants that require pollination are an important source of both jobs and income for farmers, notably small farmers and family-owned farms located in developing countries. Bees are essential, for not only the ecological balance and biodiversity in nature, but also because they provide one of the most recognizable ecosystem services through pollination, which is what makes food production possible.

Stated in worldbeeday.com, they protect and maintain ecosystems while also contributing to both genetic and biotic diversity. Bees can also act as an indicator of the state of an environment. José Graziano da Silva, Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization, claims, ”Bees are a sign of well-functioning ecosystems.” Worldbeeday.com also states how bees’ presence, absence, or quantity can help us determine when something is happening within an environment and what action is needed to solve it.

Bees are vital for the continuation of our lives. Without bees, we wouldn’t be where we were today. Bees are vital to our ecosystem. They not only positively effect our food security by providing high quality honey, royal jelly, and pollen, but they also secure income from food production and for farmers, and provide biodiversity and environmental protection.

Author: Melanie Castro


Student Scholarships

Every year Thrive Pest Control hosts an essay contest and the reward is a 1-year scholarship at a 4-year university in the United States. This blog post is one of those scholarships.